Hoarding is the difficulty of throwing away items even if they have no financial value. It is the emotional attachment and the distorted thought that the item may be useful one day. The individual may feel distress when thinking about letting items go and as a result of that, lots of useless items accumulate even

Alcoholism or Alcohol Dependence is defined as a drinking pattern that results in significant recurrent adverse consequences. Alcoholism occurs when a person has built a dependency on drinking alcohol regularly and often. Someone can be diagnosed with alcoholism when their pattern of drinking results in one or more of the following consequences within a 12-month

Dependent personality disorder is defined as “a pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of that leads to submissive and clinging behavior and fears of separation, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts”. Those affected by dependent personality disorder engage in dependent and submissive behaviors that are designed to elicit

Hypochondriasis, or hypochondria, is defined as an overwhelming fear of having a serious disease, despite the lack of medical evidence that the illness is present. People with hypochondriasis misinterpret normal bodily sensations as signs of serious illness and are consumed with distress over it. The preoccupation causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social and/or

There are 1.1 billion cigarette smokers in the world. This, one might think, is staggering, but the reality is that nicotine is the second most physically addictive substance known to man, so it comes as no surprise. Many face abundant challenges in trying to rid this harmful habit; dealing with nicotine withdrawal and curbing temptations

Scientists have not found the real causes of dreams but there are many theories that try to explain this phenomenon. Some scientists have ascertained that dreaming has no direct function while others believe that there is a primary purpose behind the dreaming process. Some theories suggest that: • Dreaming helps us consolidate and learn information

Kleptomania is defined as the “recurrent failure to resist impulses to steal objects that are not needed for personal use or for their monetary value.” Kleptomaniacs often feel an increase in tension immediately before stealing something, and then feel pleasure, gratification, or relief during the theft. This stealing is not committed in order to express

There is a lot of stigma, mystery, and misconception surrounding psychotherapy, which can prevent many people from actually trying it. Empirical evidence shows that psychotherapy, also known as counseling therapy, works well, and patients can continue to benefit from it even after they stop going. Sometimes choosing the type of therapy to go to can

Those who suffer from Avoidant Personality Disorder experience enduring feelings of inadequacy and are especially sensitive to others’ opinions of them. These feelings of inadequacy lead to social inhibition and insecurity. Due to these feelings, someone with Avoidant Personality Disorder will avoid social environments and social interaction. Others often describe individuals with Avoidant Personality Disorder

Somatic Symptom Disorder, previously known as Somatization Disorder, is a disorder where the patient overly focuses on physical symptoms — such as pain or fatigue — to the point that it causes major emotional distress and problems functioning. A person with this disorder can worry excessively over certain bodily sensations and symptoms, such as stomach

If you know somebody who is acting irrationally, believes that they are hearing voices, or seems to see/feel things that nobody else can, they may be suffering from a mental disorder called schizophrenia. This is a serious disorder, as it has extreme symptoms. The affected person may experience irrational thoughts, delusions, auditory hallucinations, and feelings

Sleep is crucial for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Getting the right amount of sleep has many benefits: the heart and brain require rest in the form of sleep, and sleep is also linked to maintaining healthy body weight. It also aids in staving off illnesses such as high blood pressure, stroke and heart failure. The

Bulimia is a medical condition where patients eat large amounts of food and then either vomit, use laxatives, take enemas or exercise obsessively. These are referred to as compensatory behaviors. People with bulimia often “binge and purge” in secret, in order to maintain their ideal body weight. It may be hard to tell if someone

Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental health disease characterized by a persistent pattern of instability in emotions, self-image and interpersonal relationships. People with borderline personality disorder are usually very impulsive and often engage in self-harming behaviors such as cutting and binge eating. They are at higher risk for suicide attempts. Specific Symptoms of Borderline

Bipolar type1 is known as ‘raging’ bipolar and also as manic-depression. It is characterized by at least one total manic episode. A manic episode is an extreme, out of control form of the hypomania that is seen in Bipolar Type 2. Some symptoms of mania may include flying from one idea to the next, an

Losing someone or something you love is very painful, and often results in a variety of emotions. Grief is a natural response to loss; it is the emotional suffering that results when someone or something you are attached to is taken away. The death of a loved one often results in the most severe kind

Sleep is an integral component of life and how well we feel and function during the day, depends on the amount and quality of sleep we get at night. Good sleep habits can help prevent mental fogginess, or the need for a morning coffee, or an afternoon nap. Two of the most important tips for

Stuttering is a speech disorder characterized by the involuntary repetition of sounds. It can begin in childhood and if not treated can last for a lifetime. Stuttering is classified as a disoder due to the affects that it can have on an individual’s daily lifestyle: Difficulty talking on the phone. Trouble talking in large groups

To calm down. Deep breathing stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, which controls the brain’s response to relaxation. To detoxify the body. The human body is able to release 70% of toxins through breathing. When an individual takes shallow breaths, it’s harder to release toxins from the body. To relieve pain. When feeling pain an involuntary

Bipolar Type 2 Disorder is a type of mood disorder in which the affected person tends to fluctuate between hypomania and depression. These mood swings are outside the realm of normal mood changes. Some patients with this disorder can lead relatively normal lives between mood cycles. The behaviors during a hypomanic phase can be very alarming.

Anorexia Nervosa, simply known as Anorexia is an eating disorder that can be characterized by three key factors: having a dangerously low weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image. People suffering from anorexia go to extremes to control their weight, disrupting normal life functioning. Restricting their calorie intake becomes an

Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), or Multiple Personality Disorder is a psychological disorder which a person can develop when they undergo a serious traumatic event such as childhood abuse or repetitive sexual or physical abuse. Many of us daydream or let our thoughts take over us, however, DID is a more severe degree of dissociation in

Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder characterized by an extreme tendency to fall asleep at any time in relaxing surroundings. Narcolepsy affects a person’s control over sleep and wakefulness. As a result, people with narcolepsy are excessively sleepy during the daytime. They experience uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep that can occur during any type of

Obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly abbreviated as OCD, is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas and sensations. These are characterized as obsessions, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something, called compulsions. Often times, the person carries out the behaviors or compulsions in order to get rid of

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD, is defined as an anxiety disorder that develops in those who have experienced an extremely traumatic event such as war, crime, a car accident, a natural disaster, and/or any physical or sexual abuse. Before its discovery PTSD was known as ‘shell shock’ and ‘combat fatigue’, present in many soldiers

Psychologically healthy people acknowledge positive things in their lives. Here are some proven benefits of Gratitude: 1 Opportunity for relationships: According to a 2014 study published in Emotion, simply thanking a person for providing you with help, or even a gesture like holding a door open for someone, makes it more likely that you will

Panic attacks are sudden surges of anxiety and fear. People feel their hearts pounding or can’t breathe. Some people even feel like they are going crazy or dying. Many people mistakenly believe they are having a heart attack. Panic attacks can be managed. The sooner one seeks help, the easier it is to reduce or

Divorce evokes different responses from young children and teenagers, depending upon developmental stages. Witnessing parents breaking up, going back and forth between two houses or rarely seeing the other parent are life-changing events regardless of age. When divorce beaks up a family, teenagers may find themselves becoming more and more independent whereas younger children may

What is self-esteem? Self-esteem can simply be defined as one’s emotional opinion of oneself or evaluation of one’s self worth. If you have low self-esteem you see hatred, flaws and failures. Low self-esteem stems from setting standards for yourself that you are unable to meet, thus leading to a lack of self-worth. People with low

Psychological benefits of Yoga has been discovered in India and experienced for more than 5000 years. Currently revered worldwide for its innumerable physical, health and psychological benefits, yoga can provide a balanced mind, breath and body. Western Science is still trying to fully comprehend how yoga brings about positive transformations in individuals and document these

Antisocial personality is a disorder in which an individual displays a pattern of disregard for or violation of the rights of others. The lack of morals often leads to crime, legal problems, and impulsive/aggressive behavior. It is a chronic mental condition in which a person’s way of thinking, understanding situations and dealing with others becomes

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. It is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders of childhood, and often persists into adulthood. About 1-10 children in the US, 4-17 years of age, have been diagnosed with ADHD. Currently, there is no known cure for ADHD. However, it can be successfully managed and often times,

Trichotillomania is a chronic disorder characterized by the recurrent pulling of one’s own hair. An individual can pull their hair from places such their head, eyelashes, or even eyebrows; less common places include their facial hair, arms, legs, underarms and pubic areas. Trichotillomania is common across females but males may also experience it. The most

Bullying is an aggressive behavior amongst school children who use their abilities, such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information or popularity to control and harm others. Over 3.2 million students are victims of bullying each year and 90% of students from 4th to 8th grade have reported being bullied. There is a broad category

Often, couples counseling are uncertain about what to expect from the process of couples therapy, from the therapist or if the therapist has expectations of them. Most couples approach therapy with the notion that they will describe their distress and somehow the therapist will assist them in creating a happier and more functional relationship. However,

Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder that causes problems with social interaction, language development and communication skills. There are varying degrees of autism, mostly categorized into three different challenges: Communication, Restrictive or repetitive behaviors and Social interactions. Recent research has identified some mutations or genes that cause autism.While a small number of these mutations or genes

To calm down. Deep breathing stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system, which controls the brain’s response to relaxation. To detoxify the body. The human body is able to release 70% of toxins through breathing. When an individual takes shallow breaths, it’s harder to release toxins from the body. To relieve pain. When feeling pain an involuntary reaction

Can you guys help me pick a filter? I don’t know if I should go with XX Pro or Valencia I wanna look tan What should my caption be? I want it to be clever I only got 10 likes in the last 5 minutes Do you think I should take it down? Let me

Here are the 12 scientifically proven steps to happiness discussed by Sonja Lyubomirsky in her book – “The How of Happiness”. Sonja is a Professor of Psychology at the University of California, Riverside. 1. EXPRESS GRATITUDE The life you are now living, express your gratitude for it, the mistakes you made in the past and all

Raising teenagers can be a challenging responsibility, and one of the most important techniques a parent can use is effective communication. Teenagers who have an open, loving relationship with their parents are more likely to socialize well with other teens and adults. Parent/teen communication is related to several factors including: Self-esteem and self-confidence, Co-operation, Academic

Families draw strength from sharing affection and appreciation for each other, spending time together, positive communication, and being there for one another. Sometimes, it can be hard to get teens to include themselves in family activities. They have their own social activities, and typically, they would much rather be with their friends. Eating meals together,

present in very different ways. Anxiety in childhood may present as difficulty falling asleep, difficulty eating, difficulty at school, difficulty visiting others, problems making new friends, extreme problems with separation from the parent. Anxiety problems may also present as extreme fear of certain objects, things, or animals. Anxiety problems can often present as difficulty with

Thinking clearly and effectively is essential for success, and helping your teen develop a positive outlook will only heighten that success. As James Allen stated, “You are today where your thoughts have brought you. You will be tomorrow where your thoughts take you.” Positive thinking is a way of looking at any circumstance and finding

The way you react to a loved one’s OCD symptoms can have a big impact. Negative comments or criticism can make OCD worse, while a calm, supportive environment can help improve the outcome of treatment. Focus on the sufferer’s positive qualities and avoid making personal criticisms. Don’t scold someone with OCD or tell the person

Self – injury is intentional, usually non-life threatening, self-inflicted bodily harm of a socially unacceptable nature, performed to reduce and/or communicate intense psychological pain. Common forms of self-injury include cutting, deep scratching, self-hitting, picking at skin wounds, self-burning and head banging. Though not directly linked to suicidal behavior, self-injury can be a predictor of suicidal

As teenagers begin to make more decisions on their own, they are at risk of choosing paths that can lead to behavioral, emotional, and academic problems. Considering the risks that your teen is susceptible to, parenting today is a challenging responsibility. Parents guide their children to adulthood by: instilling values, helping them develop social skills,

When parents ask, “How do I motivate my teen?” they usually mean, “How do I get my teen to do what I want? How do I get her to have some balance in her life? How do I get him off the computer, get outside, or do just about anything except sitting around doing nothing?”

Being a Friend and a Parent to Your Teen As your teen matures, they are becoming adults, discovering themselves, and deciding who they want to be. They are struggling to move away from their parents, toward their own future, and they are trying to establish more mature relationships. This can be a very turbulent time

Narcissism and codependancy are behaviors that are characterized by the patient having an unrealistic view of himself or herself and other people. Both narcissism and codependency usually stem from dysfunctional childhood experiences. Narcissists generally form from excessive pampering, neglect or abuse during childhood. Codependency is learned from other family members with the same type of

Why do I get so mad? I really wish I hadn’t said that. I wonder if she will forgive me? Who cares anyway? It was her fault, she made me mad! Have you or someone you know made comments like these? Anger is a confusing emotion. Some folks say we shouldn’t get angry, and if

Depression disorder is one of the most common illnesses in the world. The Centers for Disease Control say that 5.4 percent of Americans 12 years of age and older experience depression, rates of depression has tripled for teenage girls in particular, and 80 percent of adults experience some form of depression in their lifetime. Depression

Most people experience feelings of anxiety related phobias before an important event like a major test, a job interview or a first date. Anxiety serves several useful purposes such as warning us of danger, helping us be more alert and motivates us to take action. In fact, a little anxiety can help us perform better.

Just as heart problems are thought of as a male illness with a specific set of symptoms (and many women with heart disease often go undiagnosed because their symptoms are different), so it is with men and depression. Many men with depression go undiagnosed because we often think of depression in terms of a women’s

Childhood emotional neglect (CEN) is a parent’s failure to respond enough to a child’s emotional needs. The effects of CEN can carry on into adulthood as CEN impacts how a child will behave as an adult. CEN often goes unnoticed, both by the parents and by the child, until years later. A parent may fulfill

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a psychological anxiety disorder in which an individual experiences obsessions and compulsions that interrupt their ability to function in daily life. Obsessions are intrusive thoughts that are often irrational. These thoughts can cause distress, anxiety and dysfunction. An example of an obsessive thought could be “My hands are contaminated”. Compulsions